MICRONESIA: Comprising the islands of the western Pacific, north of the equator including The Marshall Islands, Guam, The Northern Mariana Islands, Kiribati, Nauru, Palau, The Federated States of Micronesia.
PACIFIC ISLAND JOBS (PIJ) is a portal for jobs in the Pacific, Australia and New Zealand. The following section provides useful information and links for people who want to work, study, visit or live in Micronesia. Links to jobs in the Marshall Islands, jobs in Guam, jobs in the Northern Mariana Islands, jobs in Kiribati, jobs in Nauru, jobs in Palau and jobs in the Federated States of Micronesia are also provided.
- The Marshall Islands -
The archipelagic is made up of 29 coral atolls and 5 single islands. Originating as coral reefs formed upon the rims of submerged volcanoes, each of the main islands encloses a lagoon. After the capital Majuro, Ebeye is the second largest settlement in the Marshall Islands.During the Second World War, the Islands served as the eastern defensive perimeter for the Japanese military forces in the Central Pacific. Post war, the islands became part of the UN Strategic Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, administered by the US. In 1986 the Marshall Islands entered into a Compact of Free Association with the United States. During the years after the War, the USA carried out nuclear bomb tests on Bikini and Enewetak atolls and to this day continued to use Kwajalein Atoll as a US Military missile tracking station.
Quick Facts: ▪ Capital: Majuro ▪ Government: Constitutional government in free association with the US ▪ Population: 61,815 ▪ Official Languages: English and Marshallese ▪ Industries: Copra, tuna processing, tourism ▪ Currency: US Dollar (US$) ▪ Climate: Tropical; hot and humid; wet season May to November ▪ Environmental Issues: Inadequate supplies of potable water; water pollution.
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- Guam -
Guam is made up of a limestone plateau with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in the north, low rising hills in the centre and mountains in the south. Guam’s rich history has resulted in it becoming a cosmopolitan hub – indigenous Chamorros, Americans, Filipinos, Chinese, Japanese, Koreans and Micronesian Islanders, as well as Vietnamese, Indians and Europeans. Guam’s Spanish heritage can be seen in the mestiza (a style of women's clothing) and in the architecture of Guam's southern villages.
Quick Facts: ▪ Capital: Hagatna ▪ Government: Organized, unincorporated territory of the US ▪ Population: 173,456 ▪ Official Languages: English and Chamorro ▪ Industries: US military, tourism, construction ▪ Currency: US Dollar (US $) ▪ Time Zone: GMT + 10 ▪ Climate: Tropical, dry season January to June, wet season July to December ▪ Environmental Issues: The introduction of the brown tree snake during the Second World War has had a devastating impact on many bird species.
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- The Northern Marianas -
The Northern Marianas chain is comprised of 14 tropical islands, of which Saipan, Tinian and Rota are the three main islands. The Southern Islands are limestone with level terraces and fringing coral reefs and the northern islands volcanic. The islands are just adjacent to the world famous Marianas Trench with an ocean depth of 35,810 feet. Saipan is the largest and most populated island in the group. Saipan's western shore is almost completely encircled by a huge barrier reef creating a stunning lagoon. The people of the Northern Marianas belong to a variety of ethic groups including Chamorros (mixed Indonesian, Spanish and Filipino), Micronesian, Japanese, Chinese and Korean. During the Second World War, the islands saw some of the bloodiest battles between American and Japanese troops.
Quick Facts: ▪ Capital: Saipan ▪ Government: Commonwealth in political union with the USA ▪ Population: 84,546 ▪ Official Languages: English, Chamorro and Carolinian ▪ Currency: US Dollar (US$) ▪ Climate: Tropical, wet season July - October ▪ Environmental Issues: Limited potable water supply, pollution.
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- Kiribati -
Kiribati (pronounced Kiribas), formerly the Gilbert Islands, Kiribati consists of 32 atolls and one island (Banaba). 21 of the 33 are inhabited. There are three main island groups: the Gilbert Islands, the Phoenix Islands, and the Line Islands. Most of the population is concentrated in the Gilbert Islands. Only one of the islands in Phoenix Group (Kanton Island) is inhabited and three of the Line Islands are permanently inhabited. Most of the islands have coastal lagoons. Banaba is one of three great phosphate rocks in the Pacific Ocean (the other two being Nauru and Makatea). Vegetation is limited with the exception of coconut palms and pandanus trees. The majority of the atolls are no more than six metres above sea level. As such Kiribati is at risk of rising sea levels, resulting from climate change.
Quick Facts: ▪ Capital: Tawara ▪ Government: Republic ▪ Population: 105,432 ▪ GDP p c growth:2.5% p.a. 1990–2004 ▪ Official Languages: English, Kiribati ▪ Industries: Fisheries, tourism particularly in the Northern Line Islands (Christmas Island and Fanning Island) ▪ Currency: Australian Dollar (AUS $)▪ Climate: Tropical; hot and humid▪ Environmental Issues: Water pollution, limited natural freshwater resources.
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- Nauru -
Nauru is the world’s smallest republic. A raised coral reef with a central plateau, the island is 21 kilometres square. There is a small lagoon, the Buada Lagoon. The central plateau, which comprises about 60% of the land area, has been extensively mined for phosphates. The population of Nauru inhabits a fertile belt of semi-cultivated land surrounding the plateau. Vegetation consists mainly of coconut palms, some hardwoods, scrubwood and some vegetable production. Nauru is dependent on a high level of imports of goods and services, mainly from Australia.
Quick Facts: ▪ Capital: Yaren ▪ Government: Republic ▪ Population:13,528 ▪ Official Languages: Nauruan, English ▪ Industries: Phosphate mining, fisheries ▪ Currency: Australian Dollar (A$) ▪ Climate: Tropical, wet season November to February ▪ Environmental Issues: Limited natural fresh water resources, limited land resources as a result of phospate mining.
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- Palau -
Palau is an archipelago of several hundred volcanic islands and a few coral atolls, politically divided into 16 states. Paula is home to one of the largest undisturbed upland forests in all of Micronesia. These forests not only support rich biological diversity, they are also home to ancient cultural sites. The islands support Micronesia’s only populations of the endangered saltwater crocodile and dugong. Its marine lakes support unique species of non-stinging Mastigias and Moon Jellyfish and with more than 400 species of hard corals and 300 species of soft corals, Palau is a divers paradise. Palauans are distant relatives of the Malays of Indonesia, Melanesians of New Guinea and Polynesians. Following the conclusion of the Second World War, Palau was administered by the US as part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. Palau became independent in free association with the United States on 1 October 1994.
Quick Facts: ▪ Capital: Melekeok ▪ Form of Government: Constitutional government in free association with the US ▪ Population: 20,842 ▪ Official Languages: English and Palauan ▪ Industries: Tourism, subsistence agriculture, fishing ▪ Currency: US Dollar (US$) ▪ Climate: Topical; hot and humid; wet season May to November ▪ Environmental Issues: Inadequate solid waste disposal facilities, sand and coral dredging, overfishing and illegal fishing practices.
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- The Federated States of Micronesia -
The Federated States of Micronesia is an archipelago of 607 islands and attols. Formerly known as the Caroline Islands, Micronesia consists of four constituent island groups of Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae. The islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls and volcanic outcroppings. The islands offer a diverse range of natural ecosystems, from mangrove swamps to lush tropical rainforest and pristine coral reefs. During World War II, Chuuk was one of Japan’s most important bases in the Pacific Ocean – a significant proportion of the Japanese fleet were based there. In 1978, the USA signed a Compact of Free Association, which granted internal self-government, with the USA retaining responsibility for the country’s defence. The country on the whole depends on financial assistance from the USA.
Quick Facts: ▪ Capital: Palikir ▪ Government: Constitutional government in free association with the US ▪ Population: 107,862 ▪ Official Language: English (national), Ulithian, Woleaian, Yapese, Pohnpeian, Kosraean and Chuukese (at state or local level) ▪ Industries: Subsistence farming, fishing, tourism ▪ Currency: US Dollar (US$) ▪ Climate: Tropical, wet season June to November ▪ Environmental Issues: Pollution, overfishing.
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PACIFIC ISLAND JOBS (PIJ) is a portal for jobs in the Pacific, Australia and New Zealand.